Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders characterized by increased intraocular pressure, which can lead to optic nerve damage and, if left untreated, irreversible vision loss.
It is often referred to as the "silent thief of sight" because it typically progresses slowly and without noticeable symptoms in its early stages. There are several types of glaucoma, with primary open-angle glaucoma being the most common.
Risk factors for glaucoma include age, family history, and certain medical conditions like diabetes. Early diagnosis is crucial as it allows for the management of intraocular pressure through eye drops, laser therapy, or surgical procedures.