Cataract is a common eye condition characterized by the clouding of the eye's natural lens
leading to a gradual loss of vision. This condition primarily affects older individuals and is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Risk factors for cataracts include aging, excessive UV exposure, smoking, and certain medical conditions like diabetes. Cataracts can cause symptoms such as blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and difficulty seeing at night. Surgical removal of the cloudy lens and its replacement with an artificial one is a highly effective treatment for cataracts, restoring clear vision for most patients.